- HER number: MEL10438
- Site Name: Townhead
- Grid Reference: 354800 668600
- Civil Parish:
- Monument Type:
- Military Airfield (20th Century, Modern, World War I Period)
- Description: Gifford was a landing ground of No. 77 Home Defence Squadron, the role of which was to defend the Firth of Forth area against bombing raids by German Zeppelin airships, and to liaise with coastal gun batteries in the event of an attack by sea. The squadron?s emergency landing grounds were created in case engine failure or bad weather prevented an aeroplane from returning to one of its more permanent bases; when the squadron was flying the farmer on whose land the strip lay would be warned by telephone to clear animals from the landing area.
Gifford was listed in the RAF survey of air stations in 1918 as having an area of 14 hectares and measuring 640m by 365m. It was on the farm of Townhead, east of the village, but it is not certain where the landing ground lay.
Information from HS/RCAHMS World War One Audit Project (GJB) 11 June 2013.
- For more information contact: East Lothian Council HER
- Related Places:
- Associated Periods: