- HER number: MEL1898
- Site Name: Torness
- Grid Reference: 374331 675315
- Civil Parish:
- Monument Type:
- Building (18th Century, Post Medieval)
- Flint Scatter (Early Prehistoric, Mesolithic, Prehistoric)
- Lime Kiln (19th Century, Post Medieval)
- Water Meadow
- Summary: Mesolithic flint scatter, remains of lime kiln etc recorded during excavation
- Description: NT77NW 102 74331 75319
(1) Limekiln, Torness Point (NGR located as [NT] 743753)
This kiln stands at the bottom of the farm road midway between Torness Point and Skateraw Harbour, backed against the steep slope that falls to the shore. It is in a state of very poor preservation, and is partly covered up by shot rubbish, as this is the local dump. The N face is intact, apart from a acrack which is leading to the separation of the upper part of the NW corner. It is about 26 feet high and 41 feet long and is intaken five times in its lowermost 10 feet. The masonry is well squared coursed blocks. The part of the W face that is free of rubblish shows a single arched end with the usual descending vaulted roof; its end is V-shaped, and the right hand side of the V formerly contained an arched opening into the kiln proper, but this has been bricked up. The E side is ruinous and masked by rubbish. On the top, there can be seen apart of the opening of the kiln with which the W vent communicated; it may well have been about 12 feet in diameter, unless this was a longer dimension of an oval. It is lined with small cubical blocks, presumably firebricks, 3 to 5 inches a side and slightly calcined. There may have been another further S, and if so it was probably served by a vent now hidden in the ruined E side. The top of the built structure measures about 48 feet from N to S by 36 feet transversly, but masonry revetment on the SE has increased the flat area in this direction, no doubt to provide space for turning vehicles. Noted 18 March 1966.
A Graham 1966.
NT77SW 60 743 748.
(2) Parts of a 138 acre site scheduled for major development were excavated to test cropmarks. The raised shore line was tested by sections and an area excavation.
Cropmarks were shown to be of natural origin, and the raised beach deposits were shown to have been re-sorted by wave action up to a recent date. Early remains could thus be discounted. The existence of water meadows - a most unusual occurrence - was shown by excavation and from documentary sources. Above the shore line three cropmarks were tested. One was of natural origin, one due to World War II works, and one was shown to be due to a small 18th century building and yard; mesolithic flints were found on the spread from the turf wall of the yard.
Lime working on the site since 1680 was shown from documentary sources; a lime kiln and associated building were recorded and shown to be 19th century.
R Mercer 1975.
- For more information contact: East Lothian Council HER
- Related Places:
- Associated Periods:
- (1) Bibliographic reference: Graham, A. 1965-6. East Lothian industrial survey: survey of parishes of Dunbar, Innerwick and Oldhamstocks for East Lothian Archaeological Society, . 4.
- (2) Bibliographic reference: Mercer, R. 1975. 'Torness', Discovery Excav Scot 1975, p.22-3. 22-3.