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- HER number: MEL9908
- Site Name: Wallyford
- Grid Reference: 336966 671386
- Civil Parish:
- Summary: Later prehistoric to post-medieval settlement features and ditches found during evaluation
- Description: (1-2, 5) In July and August 2008, CFA Archaeology Ltd undertook an evaluation to the south-east of Wallyford, as part of the Wallyford Settlement Expansion Project (Area 4). The Area 4 evaluation revealed two discrete areas containing archaeological remains. The east of the site was occupied by a possible settlement and field system comprising a large sunken floored building; a possible second sunken floored building; three large ditches, two of which intercut; two oval pits; and a linear ditch. No dating evidence was obtained. In the north of the site a sub-rectangular hollow and an unrelated prehistoric ditch was discovered. No securely dateable finds were recovered.
(3) During November and March 2014, AOC undertook an excavation at three sites (Sites 1, 8 and 9) identified during previous archaeological evaluation work undertaken in 2008 and 2009 in relation to a housing development. An area around each identified site was topsoil-stripped and exposed archaeological remains were then excavated and recorded. Sites 8 and 9 lie within Area 4, which was subject to metal detecting survey as part of the archaeological works. The survey recovered 51 objects, including four artefacts which may relate to the 1547 Battle of Pinkie.
Excavation at site 8 (MEL9908) revealed a substantial later prehistoric stone- built roundhouse, partially revetted into the slope. The interior of the roundhouse had been modified during a second phase of construction to create a probable byre structure, possible of 19th century date. The excavation also revealed a ring-groove roundhouse to the south-west of the stone-built revetted structure, together with an associated ditch, a hollow with a metalled surface, possibly used as a former stock enclosure, and a section of ditch, likely to be the remains of a prehistoric drainage feature.
The stone-built roundhouse measured 12m by 9m, with the interior wall undergoing modification to create a later sub-rectangular structure measuring 10m by 6m. This structure had a partially metalled floor and its interior was filled with a deposit containing tumble stones and a mix of iron age and 19th century pottery. The ring-groove roundhouse measured 9m in diameter and comprised a ring groove measuring 0.8m wide by 0.4m deep and several internal pits/postholes.
The hollow measured 15m by 13m by 0.3m deep with a truncated area of stone metalling on the south-east of the feature. The likely drainage ditch measured 10m by up to 1.5m wide at its centre and 0.3m minimum at its ends, and 0.1m-0.2m deep.
(4)During March 2016, AOC undertook a watching brief during groundworks on a 20m buffer around two previously identified and excavated sites (Sites 8 and 9, MEL9908 and MEL9909). The work revealed a topsoil deposit overlying natural subsoil and a B-horizon in places. A vertically sided sub-circular pit, a probable mining shaft was identified during stripping around Site 8. No other archaeological features, deposits or artefacts were recorded.
- For more information contact: East Lothian Council HER
- Related Places:
- Associated Periods:
- (1) Unpublished document: Mitchel, S. 2008. Wallyford Settlement Expansion Project, Wallyford, East Lothian. Archaeological Evaluation: Area 4.
- (2) Digital archive: Mitchel, S. 2008. Wallyford Settlement Expansion Project, Wallyford, East Lothian. Archaeological Evaluation: Area 4.
- (3) Unpublished document: Engl, R. 2014. Wallyford Expansion (Areas 1 & 4), East Lothian: Archaeological Works.
- (4) Unpublished document: Kyle, L. 2016. Wallyford Expansion, Areas 1-4, East Lothian: Archaeological Watching Brief Report.
- (5) Unpublished document: CFA Archaeology. 2009. Archaeology and Cultural Heritage. Site 8.