- HER number: MEL8076
- Site Name: Parkburn
- Grid Reference: 329980 667440
- Civil Parish:
- Monument Type:
- Long Cist Cemetery (Early Medieval)
- Architectural Fragment (Iron Age, Late Prehistoric, Late Iron Age, Prehistoric, Roman)
- Summary: Long cist cemetery
- Description: NT26NE 28 2998 6744 to 2986 6733
See also NT26NE 27 and 31.
This long cist cemetery is situated on England's Hill, some 600m ENE of Parkburn. A large part of the cemetery has been destroyed by a sand and gravel quarry (now disused), but it probably extends into the strip of woodland immediately NW of the quarry, where cists were discovered in 1885. Excavation in advance of sand extraction in 1954 and 1956 revealed 111 cists, all of them aligned roughly ENE to WSW. Two principal groups of cists were identified, separated by a wall running from NE to SW along the crest of the hill; the S group comprised forty widely-spaced cists, most of them well-built with substantial slabs; the N group, which comprised fifty cists, the majority built of slighter stones, was more compact and there was evidence of disturbance and successive construction. The only finds from the cists were part of a jet armlet (RMS, FN 189), a small fragment of iron, possibly a knife blade (RMS, IA 49) and fragments of six rotary querns, three of them in re-use as cist slabs (RMS, BB 115-20). Since the excavations a further six long cists and a Bronze Age cist (see No. 26) have been discovered. One of the cists, which was found in 1962, was built of dressed stones of Roman date, including three arch voussoirs, probably removed from the bath-house of the Flavian fort at Elginhaugh (No. 102); the cist was aligned roughly NE-SW and there was a small sherd of Neolithic pottery (RMS, EO 983) in its fill.
Name Book 1852; RCAHMS 1929; 1988; A S Henshall 1958; 1967; S S Frere 1985
Dressed masonry found in long cist apparently derived from Elginhaugh bath-house (NT36NW 83).
G S Maxwell and D R Wilson 1987
NMRS REPORT DATE: 22/03/2000
- For more information contact: MidLothian Council HER
- Related Places:
- Associated Periods:
- Bibliographic reference: Robertson, A S. 1970a. 'Roman finds from non-Roman sites in Scotland', Britannia Vol. 1 1970, p.198-226. Table 7.
- Bibliographic reference: Henshall, A S. 1954c. 'Park Burn, Lasswade', Discovery Excav Scot 1954, p.11. 11.
- Bibliographic reference: RCAHMS. 1988. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. The archaeological sites and monuments of Midlothian (prehistoric to early historic), Midlothian District, Lothian Region. 16, No.41.
- Bibliographic reference: RCAHMS. 1929. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Tenth report with inventory of monuments and constructions in the counties of Midlothian and West Lothian. 117, No.152.
- Bibliographic reference: Maxwell and Wilson, G S and D R. 1987. 'Air reconnaissance in Roman Britain 1977-84', Britannia Vol. 18 1987, p.1-48. 18.
- Bibliographic reference: Name Book (County). Original Name Books of the Ordnance Survey. Book No.20, 44; No.32, 44.
- Bibliographic reference: Frere, S S. 1985. 'Roman Britain in 1984. I. Sites Explored', Britannia Vol. 16 1985, p.252-316. 265.
- Bibliographic reference: Henshall, A S. 1958a. 'The long cist cemetery at Lasswade, Midlothian', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 89 1955-6, p.252-83.
- Bibliographic reference: Henshall, A S. 1967e. 'The second report of cist burials at Parkburn sand-pit, Lasswade, Midlothian', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 98 1964-6, p.204-14.
- Bibliographic reference: Grew, F O. 1981. 'Roman Britain in 1980. I. Sites explored', Britannia Vol. 12 1981, p.314-68. 321.