- HER number: MEL8508
- Site Name: Stonefieldhill
- Grid Reference: 330428 660136
- Civil Parish:
- Monument Type:
- Enclosed Settlement (Late Prehistoric, Prehistoric)
- Henge (Late Prehistoric, Neolithic, Prehistoric)
- Summary: Cropmarks of enclosure, possible henge or enclosed settlement
- Description: NT36SW 11 3044 6012.
NT 3044 6012. Situated on a level platform below the crest of a slight rise in a cultivated field, the crop mark of an earthwork is visible on air photographs enclosing an area 86.0m E-W by 72.0m. Although nothing can be seen on the ground and no surface finds have been made, the farmer (G Brown, Stonefieldhill Farm) states that evidence of a circle can be seen when the field is newly sown and dry. A small oval mark within the interior may be the site of a hut suggesting that this was a possible homestead.
Site surveyed at 1:2500 from air photographs (RAF/F22/58/1263: 0003-4).
Visited by OS (RD) 1 March 1971
The ditches of this enclosure are about 6 m wide with expanded terminals at the opposed entrances on the W and E which are 12m wide. The site is reminiscent of a henge.
Univ Edinburgh Extra-mural Dept 1979
Excavation or the find of some artifact is required before the classification of this monument can be satisfactorily resolved.
H Welfare 1980
Cropmarks reveal an enclosure on the S side of a low ridge 400m SE of Stonefieldhill steading. Oval on plan, with wide entrances on the NW and SE, it measures 85m by 70m within a ditch which varies from 3m to 8m in breadth. Patchmarks on some of the available air photographs suggest the presence of an internal bank, and the identification of the enclosure as a Class II henge monument is unlikely.
RCAHMS Marginal Lands Survey; RCAHMS 1988
Scheduled as henge.
Information from Historic Scotland, scheduling document dated 13 November 1995.
In 1976, aerial photographs (by John Dewar) of this enclosure revealed the presence of an internal rampart and cropmarks the following year indicated an area of scooping within the interior. These features suggest that the enclosure is probably a prehistoric settlement.
Information from RCAHMS (ARG) 10 October 1997.
The cropmark of this enclosure is visible on a vertical air photograph (OS 75/293/387-8, flown 1975).
Information from RCAHMS
NMRS REPORT DATE: 26/08/2002
- For more information contact: MidLothian Council HER
- Related Places:
- Associated Periods:
- Bibliographic reference: Welfare, H. 1980. 'Jigsaw puzzle and dustbin: air photography and the Iron Age in southern Scotland', Scot Archaeol Forum Vol. 10 1978, p.1-11. 6-7.
- Bibliographic reference: University of Edinburgh Extra-Mural Department. 1979. The Archaeological Sites and Monuments of Midlothian District, Lothian Region. 39.
- Bibliographic reference: RCAHMS. 1988. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. The archaeological sites and monuments of Midlothian (prehistoric to early historic), Midlothian District, Lothian Region. 31, No.164.