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- HER number: MEL8723
- Site Name: Oxenfoord Mains
- Grid Reference: 339039 667107
- Civil Parish:
- Summary: Cropmarks of Roman fortlet
- Description: NT36NE 79 39040 67105
(1) The cropmarks of a double ditched rectangular enclosure have been revealed by oblique aerial photography (RCAHMSAP 1992 and 1996) 400m W of Oxenfoord Mains farmsteading (NT36NE 45). It measures internally about 40m ENE-WSW by 25m t ransversely with the outer ditch and broad inner ditch about 8-10m apart. There are two apparent entrance gaps, one on the E side of the inner ditch and a broader gap on the outer N side.
Information from RCAHMS (KJ) 24 February 2000.
(2) In October 2010, Headland Archaeology Ltd undertook a magnetic gradiometer survey on the proposed site of a new open-cast coal mine at Airfield Farm, Cousland, Midlothian. The results confirmed the existence of an enclosure visible in aerial photography. The geophysical survey revealed that this feature is likely to be a Roman fortlet. There is also evidence of a much larger enclosure to its south-east. This has been interpreted as a potential later prehistoric enclosure that pre-dates the fortlet. Additionally, a potential trackway is also evident. It is possible that all these anomalies are related.
The geophysical evidence suggests that this double-banked enclosure is a Roman fortlet. Its size and features have parallels with Roman fortlets found on the Gask Ridge in Perthshire.
- For more information contact: MidLothian Council HER
- Related Places:
- Associated Periods:
- (2) Unpublished document: Harrison, S. 2010. Airfield Farm, Cousland, Dalkeith; Magnetic Gradiometer Survey.