Upper Dalhousie Farm
- HER number: MEL9701
- Site Name: Upper Dalhousie Farm
- Grid Reference: 330272 662821
- Civil Parish:
- Monument Type:
- Pit (Early Neolithic, Late Prehistoric, Neolithic, Prehistoric)
- Pit (Bronze Age, Early Bronze Age, Late Prehistoric, Prehistoric)
- Palisaded Enclosure (Late Prehistoric, Prehistoric)
- Field Boundary (Post Medieval)
- Summary: Pits found during evaluation, some dating to the Early Neolithic; relict field boundary, pits and palisaded enclosure found during watching brief
- Description: (1-2) In May 2008, CFA Archaeology Ltd undertook an evaluation of two areas (Areas A-B) within a proposed sand and gravel quarry at Upper Dalhousie Farm, Midlothian. Forty-nine trenches in total were excavated, following an agreed trenching plan, covering 2794m2. In Area A, a scatter of pits was recorded, of which two contained Early Neolithic Carinated pottery. In Area B, further pits also contained Early Neolithic Carinated pottery and these were adjacent to an irregular alignment of pits. Another pit contained Late Bronze Age pottery. A 'U' shaped ditch was located which contained quantities of charcoal in the base.
A scatter of pits were found in Trenches 38, 41, 45 and 46. Two of those in Trench 46 contained Earlier Neolithic pottery.
(3) InApril and May 2010, CFA Archaeology Ltd undertook a watching brief at Upper Dalhousie Quarry and identified three areas of archaeological remains: a relict field boundary; a pit cluster; and the partial remains of a double palisaded enclosure. Subsequent excavations of the pit cluster and enclosure were carried out as part of the same programme of works. Two of the pits identified contained Early Neolithic Carinated Bowl pottery and a third contained potentially Early Bronze Age pottery. No dating material was recovered from the enclosure, which was found to comprise two curvilinear gullies with the trace of a third possible gully.
(4) In October and November 2012, CFA Archaeology Ltd undertook a watching brief in two areas at Upper Dalhousie Quarry and identified archaeological remains in both locations. Subsequent excavations recorded 43 archaeological features, largely comprising pits and several deposits. A number of features contained pottery and lithics dating to the Early and mid-Late Neolithic, and some to the Early Bronze Age. A notable find was the recovery of an axe-hammer, found in assoicated with Early Bronze Age pottery and lithics, and a carved pebble with iron residue adhering to it. Archaeobotanical analysis indicates several large deposits of cereal grain and nutshell consistent with earlier prehistoric activity, together with hulled barley suggestive of activity in the later prehistoric period.
- For more information contact: MidLothian Council HER
- Related Interventions:
- Related Places:
- Associated Periods:
- : Suddaby, I. 2008. 'Upper Dalhousie Farm, Rosewell, Midlothian (Cockpen parish), evaluation', Discovery Excav Scot, New Series, Vol. 9, 2008, p. 119-120, Cathedral Communications Limited, Wiltshire, England.. 119-120.
- (1) Unpublished document: Suddaby, I. 2008. Proposed Sand and Gravel Quarry, Upper Dalhousie Farm, Midlothian: Archaeological Evaluation Data Structure.
- (2) Digital archive: Suddaby, I. 2008. Proposed Sand and Gravel Quarry, Upper Dalhousie Farm, Midlothian: Archaeological Evaluation Data Structure.
- (3) Unpublished document: Gray, H. 2010. Upper Dalhousie Quarry, Midlothian: Archaeological Works Interim Assessment Report.
- (4) Unpublished document: Suddaby, I. 2014. Upper Dalhousie Quarry, Midlothian: Archaeological Works Interim Assessment Report.